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Tournament Rules & Point System of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (IBJJF)
The typical tournament is divided up into matches between the same belt ranks and weight classes within the belt ranks. The progressive ranks in BJJ are white, yellow, orange, green, blue (after 16), purple, brown and finally black belt.
The match begins with competitors standing up on padded mats wearing gis. Competitors attempt to perform a takedown throws, foot sweeps, tackles, or alternatively, pulling the opponent to "guard". Once on the ground, they grapple but are allowed to stand up at any time.
The mat referee is the highest authority on the mat and has the authority to disqualify competitors during the match. No one can overturn his decision.
During the match the central referee is to always be directing the competitor to the center of the ring. In the event that the competitors move out of bounds during the match, the referee will call "STOP" and the competitors must hold their position without movement. The same occurrence will happen when 2/3 of the competitor’s body is outside the boundary. The referee may be assisted by the timekeeper in moving the athletes back to the center of the ring.
The referee will not allow interference from outsiders during the match. Paramedics will be allowed on the mat at the referee’s discretion. Expiration of time will be determined by the timekeeper during the match. The time-keeper will notify the central referee immediately with an auditory and visual signal. Notes taken are the responsibility of the scorekeepers. Notes must read exactly what the central referee dictates and cannot be altered.
There is never a draw. Bouts will be decided by:
Submission occurs when a technique forces the athlete into admitting defeat by:
Points are awarded when athlete achieves a strategic superior position over the opponent through performing proper technique. The more dominant the position, the more points are awarded.
Any kind of throw or takedown where opponent lands on his/her side or back – 2 POINTS
Passing the Guard
Is when the athlete who is top, in between the opponent's legs, moves to his side, establishing a perpendicular or longitudinal position over his adversary's torso, controlling and leaving him no space to move or escape the hold - 3 POINTS
Knee in the Belly
When the athlete on top places his knee and chin across the opponent's stomach, holding his collar/sleeve and belt/pants with his other leg towards the head - 2 POINTS.
The mount position is one of the most dominant positions in a match or fight. It is achieved when the athlete sits on his opponent's torso; the opponent may be lying on his stomach, side or back. It will also be considered mount, if one knee and one foot are on the ground - 4 POINTS.
Taking the Back
Achieving and controlling the opponent's back is highly advantageous on the way to finish the fight. The athlete takes the back from a bottom position, taking hold of the neck and wrapping his legs around the waist. The heels must be leaning on the inside of the thighs, not allowing him/her to escape - 4 POINTS.
NOTE: Points will not be awarded if both heels are not evenly positioned in the inner part of the adversary's thighs.
Sweeps are strategically executed to reverse the opponent to the bottom position in a way where he/she is unable to defend or post - 2 POINTS.
It is considered an advantage when the athlete almost completes a move on your opponent, such as sweeps (opponent bounces back to the top), takedowns (visible loss of balance in which the adversary nearly completes the takedown), guard pass (when forcing the adversary to exert energy to regain position), submissions (forcing opponent to defend), etc...
In case of a tie in advantages, the referee will decide the winner after the following criteria:
- Effort to finish the match
- Positioning control
The following are considered unacceptable and will lead to immediate disqualification by the referee: